We know virtually nothing of the early Northumbrian Anglo-Saxon church, as I have pointed out in the article on Thomas Brayshaw. No church was recorded here in The Domesday Book of 1086, but the ruins of an Anglo-Saxon church lie in the crypt, sealed off during 1890-2. We know from The Domesday Book entry that Giggleswick in 1089 was more or less “waste”, and that did not mean neglect through natural means. The Latin word “vasta” as used in the text gave us the word “devastated”. As punishment for rebellion in the north, particularly in what is now North Yorkshire and Durham, from 1069-71, William the Conqueror and his troops carried out a series of savage reprisals known as the Harrying of the North. According to both the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Simeon of Durham’s History of the Church in Durham, whole communities, people and animals, were massacred, and their crops ruined. Simeon wrote that not a village was left unscathed between Durham and York. Villages surrounding the Aire valley and into the Craven Dales were also targeted. Recent research has shown that the effects of this dereliction must have lasted at least a generation, so it is not surprising that Giggleswick was “waste (vasta) implied” and no church was recorded in The Domesday Book. The Norman contempt for the Anglo-Saxon people and their language extended to Anglo-Saxon saints. At the end of the 14th century, after the Scottish raids and the Black Death which virtually destroyed the medieval feudal system , people began to write in English instead of Latin. It was then that the Anglo-Saxon St Alkelda appeared in Middleham records. In Giggleswick, it was not until the 16th century, although her name must have been attached to her holy well long before that. I give more background in the Guide Book St Alkelda’s Way, and on the St Alkelda’s Way website.